HTTP Status Code: The Secret Language of the Web

http status code

HTTP status code are a vital part of communication between web browsers and servers. Let’s break down each category you mentioned in more detail:

1xx Informational (100-199):

Meaning: These codes are temporary and simply acknowledge that the server has received the request and things are underway. They don’t signify completion.
Example: You might see a 100 Continue code if you’re uploading a large file to a server. It tells your browser to keep sending the data.
Not for Everyone: These codes weren’t part of the original HTTP 1.0 protocol, so older systems might not use them.

2xx Successful (200-299):

Meaning: This is the good news category! Codes here indicate the request was processed successfully.
Most Common: The most common code you’ll see is 200 OK, which means the request was a success, and the response body contains the data you asked for (like a webpage).
Other Examples: You might also see codes like 201 Created (for creating a new resource) or 204 No Content (meaning the request was successful but there’s no additional information to send).

3xx Redirection (300-399):

Meaning: These codes tell the client (your browser) to take further action to complete the request. This often involves following a redirect link to a different location.
Common Codes: Some frequently encountered redirects include 301 Moved Permanently (used when a webpage has a new permanent address) and 302 Found (used for temporary redirects).
Behind the Scenes: Redirects can be helpful for things like managing SEO or ensuring users always access the latest version of a webpage.

4xx Client Errors (400-499):

Meaning: Oh no! These codes indicate an issue with the request itself, meaning the error lies on the client-side (usually your browser).
Common Codes: You might encounter a 404 Not Found error if you try to access a non-existent webpage or a 400 Bad Request error if your request is malformed.
Troubleshooting Tips: These errors can provide clues to fix your request, like checking for typos in URLs or ensuring you’re sending data in the correct format.

5xx Server Errors (500-599):

Meaning: These codes indicate an error on the server-side, meaning the issue lies with the server software or configuration.
Examples: A common code here is 500 Internal Server Error, which means something went wrong on the server that prevents it from fulfilling your request.
User’s Role: There’s not much you, as a user, can do about these errors. Usually, the server administrator needs to address the underlying problem.

By understanding these HTTP status code categories, you can gain valuable insights into what’s happening behind the scenes when you browse the web.